A concise guide to some of the most common vision problems treated in our offices.
There are many different types of vision problems that could be affecting your eyesight. But, for the purpose of this guide, we will be focusing on four of the most common causes of impaired vision. These, along with many other vision impairments, are treated with precision and care by our eye care professionals.
Astigmatism is commonly due to an uneven or irregular shape of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, or the curvature of the lens inside the eye. Which can cause blurred or distorted vision. Other symptoms may include squinting, eye strain, headaches and eye fatigue.
There are 2 types of astigmatism, regular and irregular. In reality, most people have some degree of a regular astigmatism, which is usually present at birth and is believed to be hereditary. In minor cases, treatment may not be required but is certainly beneficial. Moderate to high astigmatism can be treated with Glasses, Contact Lenses or LASIK surgery. Irregular astigmatism is much less common than a regular astigmatism and is associated with abnormal conditions affecting the cornea, such as keratoconus, and is most commonly treated with Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) Contact Lenses or Corneal Procedures.
Farsightedness, medically known as hyperopia, is when you can see objects clearly at a distance, but when up close they do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal, as measured from front to back, or when the cornea has too little curvature. This reduces the distance between the cornea and retina, causing light to converge behind the retina, rather than on it.
If you are mildly farsighted, your eye care provider may not recommend corrective treatment at all. However, if you are moderately or severely hyperopic, Depending on what is right for you, treatment options available may include eyeglasses, contacts, LASIK and Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK).
Nearsightedness, medically known as myopia, is when you can see objects clearly up close , but when at a distance they are blurred. It generally occurs because the eyeball is too “long” as measured from front to back.
Nearsightedness is diagnosed during routine eye exams and possible treatments include eyeglasses, contacts, acrylic corneal implants, LASIK, radial keratotomy (RK) and photorefractive keratotomy (PRK). Your eye care provider will suggest the best treatment option for you.
Presbyopia (Aging Eyes)
Aging eyes, medically known as presbyopia, is a condition in which the lens of the eye gradually loses its flexibility, making it harder to focus clearly on close objects such as printed words. Distance vision, on the other hand, is usually not affected.
Unfortunately, presbyopia is an inevitable part of aging and cannot be prevented by diet, lifestyle or visual habits. However, it is treatable with several types of corrective lenses, including progressives, bifocals and trifocals, single-vision reading glasses, multifocal contact lenses and monovision therapy.
We will work with you to diagnose your vision problem and suggest the best treatment option for your eyes. For more information, schedule an appointment with us, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.